Alexandria Travel Guide

Alexandria is the second largest city in Egypt. It was founded by Alexander the Great in 332 BC. It is on the Mediterranean Sea, only 225 km (140 miles) northwest of Cairo. Few cities of the world have a history as rich as that of Alexandria; few cities have witnessed so many historic events and legends. Alexandria became the capital of Greco-Roman Egypt; its status as a beacon of culture is symbolized by Pharos, the legendary lighthouse that was one of the Seven Wonders of the World.

Alexandria, named after Alexander the Great, was founded in the year 332 BC. For nearly 300 years, it was the capital of the Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt. Some famous ancient Greek scientists, such as Euclid of Alexandria and Eratosthenes, lived there or studied there. It was home to the largest library in the ancient Western world, the Library of Alexandria. It was a wealthy city in its heyday, and remained the main way Egyptian grain went by sea to Rome. Rome depended greatly on Egyptian grain. But after the Muslim conquest, it was less important.

The Muslims conquered Egypt in 641 AD, but did not want to have their capital at Alexandria, because it was too far away from Arabia. So the Islamic invaders made a new capital on the east side of the Nile, and called it Fustat.

Alexandria nowadays has 3.8 million people. It is the main port of Egypt. It has two airports and three big stadium: Alexandria stadium, Harras El-Hadoud stadium and Borg El-Arab stadium in the Borg El-Arab industrial city.

Main Sightseeing Attractions:

Alexandria National Museum

Bibliotheac Alexandrina

Catacombs of Kom El-Shoqafa

El-Mursi Abu Al-Abbas Mosque

Greco-Roman Museum

Montazah Palace and Gardens

Pompey’s Pillar

Qaitbay Fort

Roman Amphitheater

Royal Jewelry Museum

 

 

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