Cairo Travel Guide

Cairo, is the capital of Egypt and, with a population of 23 million people, one of the largest cities in both Africa and the Middle East, located on the banks and islands of the Nile River in the north of Egypt,.  Cairo is famous for its own history – preserved in the fabulous medieval Islamic city and in Old Cairo – and for the ancient, Pharaonic history of the country it represents.

The city started to take its present form in 641 A.D, when the Arab general Amr Ibn Al-Ase conquered Egypt for Islam and founded a new capital called Al-Fustat “the City of the Tents”. The Fatimid dynasty captured the city in 969 A.D and founded a new city, Al-Qahira (“The Victorious”) just north of Al-Fustat.

To the west lies the city of Giza (part of the Cairo conurbation) and part of the ancient necropolis of Memphis on the Giza plateau, with its three large pyramids, including the Great Pyramid of Giza “last surviving of the Seven Ancient Wonders of the World”. 18 km (Approximately 11 miles) to the south of modern Cairo is the site of the ancient Egyptian city of Memphis, Cairo’s ancient predecessor in this approximate geographical location, and its adjoining necropolis of Saqqara.

No trip to Cairo would be complete, for example, without a visit to the Giza Pyramids, to nearby Saqqara, or to the Egyptian Museum in the center of town.

Main Sightseeing Attractions:

Al-Rifa’i & Sultan Hassan Mosque

Cairo Tower

Christian Churches & Amr Ibn Al-As Mosque at Old Cairo

Egyptian Museum

Giza Pyramids and Sphinx

Khan El-Khalili Bazaar


Saladin Citadel of Cairo




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